Every day we read in newspapers about children, adolescents, adults, losing the hope of living. Some die by jumping from skyscrapers, some by drinking poison, and some by hanging themselves. In September we celebrate World Suicide Prevention day (10th September) and the Blue Whale phenomena which are giving everybody sleepless nights, I being a psychologist want to discuss this topic.

An article in a current daily has shown that in recent times West Bengal has the highest rate of rise in suicides. Statistics indicate that females have higher rates of non-fatal suicidal behaviour and suicidal ideation. Females reportedly attempt suicide more frequently than males do males, however, have higher rates of completed suicides.

Here are some of the causes due to which a person is forced to take such a drastic step
  • previous suicide attempts
  • substance abuse
  • imprisonment
  • family history of suicide
  • poor job security or low levels of job satisfaction
  • history of being abused or witnessing continuous abuse
  • being diagnosed with a serious medical condition, such as cancer or HIV
  • being socially isolated or a victim of bullying
  • being exposed to suicidal behaviour

People who have suicidal thoughts are often so overwhelmed by feelings of sadness and hopelessness that they think they have no other option. While it can be hard to know how someone is feeling on the inside, there are various behaviours that can indicate suicidal tendencies. It’s important to recognize these warning signs so you can help a family member or a friend who may be experiencing suicidal thoughts. Taking action and getting someone the help they need may help prevent a tragic suicide attempt or death.

Recognizing the signs and symptoms of suicidal behaviour
  • feel hopeless
  • feel trapped
  • feel alone
  • feel anxious or agitated
  • feel as if there is no reason to go on living
  • think of suicide as a way out
  • experience mood swings
  • are abusing alcohol or drugs
Signs that someone may attempt suicide

You can’t see what a person is feeling on the inside, so it isn’t always easy to identify someone who is having suicidal thoughts. However, some outward warning signs that a person may be contemplating suicide include:

  • talking about feeling hopeless
  • talking about having no reason to go on living
  • making a will or giving away personal possessions
  • searching for a means of doing personal harm, such as buying a gun
  • sleeping too much or too little
  • eating too little or eating too much, resulting in significant weight gain or weight loss
  • engaging in reckless behaviours, including excessive alcohol or drug consumption
  • avoiding social interactions with others
  • expressing rage or intentions to seek revenge
  • showing signs of anxiousness or agitation

If your friend or loved one isn’t in immediate danger but is having suicidal thoughts, then you can simply speak to them about the challenges they may be facing. During the conversation, make sure you:

  • stay calm and speak in a reassuring tone
  • acknowledge that their feelings are legitimate
  • offer support and encouragement
  • reassure them that suicidal feelings are temporary
  • tell them that help is available and that they can feel better with treatment

 

 

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    • […] world was shattered and I felt suicidal. Days were okay but nights were unbearable. I didn’t sleep for nights. I felt miserable. I had no […]

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